Consumer DNA Tests Negate Sperm-Bank-Donor Anonymity - Scientific American
For many people, using donated sperm is the only chance they have of fulfilling their dream to have a family. Find out more about what sperm donation involves and how you can donate at a licensed UK fertility clinic. There are many reasons why people use donated sperm. Some men with serious inherited diseases in their family may want to use donated sperm to avoid passing the disease onto their children. Women in same sex couples and single women will also need donor sperm to have a family.
Becoming a Sperm Donor - Frequently Asked Questions
The rise of consumer genetic tests—which allow people to connect with relatives they never knew they had, including some who never intended to be found in the first place—is forcing sperm donation clinics to confront the fact that it is now virtually impossible to guarantee anonymity to their clients. Instead, sites like 23andMe and Ancestry. That, clinics and outside experts say, has forced a reckoning for the industry.
Sperm donation is the provision by a man of his sperm with the intention that it be used in the artificial insemination or other 'fertility treatment' of a woman or women who are not his sexual partners in order that they may become pregnant by him. The man is known as a 'sperm donor' and the sperm he provides is known as 'donor sperm' because the intention is that the man will give up all legal rights to any child produced from his sperm, and will not be the legal father. However conception is achieved, the nature and course of the pregnancy will be the same as one achieved by sexual intercourse, and the sperm donor will be the biological father of every child born from his donations. Sperm donation enables a man to father a child for third-party women, and is therefore, categorized as a form of third party reproduction. Sperm may be donated by the donor directly to the intended recipient woman, or through a sperm bank or fertility clinic.