Hematospermia is a relatively frequent, distressing, and frightening symptom for the majority of men. However, in some cases, hematospermia is the harbinger of more serious pathological lesions that should not be missed. In younger patients below 40 years of age, infection of the urogenital tract is the most common etiology. Simple routine laboratory studies should identify the pathological factors. In patients 40 years or older, or those with persistent or recurrent conditions or associated symptoms, it is necessary to exclude urogenital malignant disorders.
Patient information: See related handout on hematospermia , written by the authors of this article. Hematospermia can be a distressing symptom for patients, but most cases are effectively managed by a primary care physician. Although the condition is usually benign, significant underlying pathology must be excluded by history, physical examination, laboratory evaluation, and, in select cases, other diagnostic modalities. In men younger than 40 years without risk factors e. Many cases are attributable to sexually transmitted infections or other urogenital infections in men younger than 40 years who present with hematospermia associated with lower urinary tract symptoms. Workup in these patients can be limited to urinalysis and testing for sexually transmitted infections, with treatment as indicated.
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Hematospermia also known as haematospermia , hemospermia , or haemospermia is the presence of blood in ejaculation. It is most often a benign symptom. Though haematospermia may cause considerable distress to patients, it is often a benign and self-limiting condition caused by infections, particularly in younger patients.